Books and Publications

Note from our Board: It has come to our attention that some users of this page assume that all books listed below have been carefully reviewed and endorsed by the Board of Directors of the Robert S. Hartman Institute, but this is not so. Our Board takes no stand on the following books and neither endorses nor fails to endorse them. The following is just a list of books having some relevance to topics in formal axiology, nothing more. Our Board has decided that only books and publications relating to Hartmanian axiology by the following authors may be listed on this page:

1. Robert S. Hartman himself,
2. present and past members of our Board of Directors,
3. present members of the Hartman Institute, and
4. authors in our Rodopi book series.
A special exception accommodates Joyce Austin.

Books in the Hartman Institute Studies in Axiology Special Series:

Books in this series were originally published by Editions Rodopi, which has now been taken over by Brill.To find the Hartman Institute Studies in Axiology books, click on each title in the blocks below. Prices listed below may vary slightly with the exchange rate.

Orders from Europe and from outside North America are being collected and distributed by Turpin, Brill’s distribution center in the UK. Books International, Brill’s distribution center in the US, will assume responsibility for orders from the Americas.
Customers Outside the Americas
c/o Turpin Distribution
United Kingdom
T +44 (0) 1767 604-954
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Customers in the Americas
c/o Books International
T (800) 337 -9255
(toll free, US & Canada only)
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These books may be available also from

Rodopi Publishers

Title  Price  ISBN
Robert S. Hartman, Freedom to Live: The Robert Hartman Story. Second Edition
-edited by Arthur R. Ellis. Robert S. Hartman’s autobiography, including his escape from Nazi Germany, his quest for the meaning of “good,” his discovery of the science of axiology, and applications of formal axiology to the value of persons, religion, etc.
Brill no longer sells this book. The Hartman Institute has republished it through Wipf & Stock publishers. To order, click on the title. 90-5183-610-4
Frank G. Forrest, Valuemetrics: The Science of Personal and Professional Ethics.

Development of a formal calculus of value with applications of formal axiology to abortion, military intervention, euthanasia, and understanding the Ten Commandments .
 Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. (This book is now out of stock.) 90-5183-683-X
Formal Axiology and Its Critics.
-edited by Rem B. Edwards
Hartman’s own response to his major critics, plus additional criticisms and responses by his later interpreters.
 Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. Softback ISBN:90-5183-879-2 Hardback ISBN:90-5183-910-3
Armando Molina, Our Ways:
Values and Character.A correlation of value-based character types in axiology with those of interpreters of the Enneagram. Sound and unsound ways to value, to exist, and to love sexually and otherwise are explained.
Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:
Gary Acquaviva, Values, Violence, and Our Future.

A study of violence in pop culture, the motivations and corruptions of character that instigate violence, violence in men and women, and antidotes to violence, especially living intrinsically.
Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:
Thomas M. Dicken and Rem B. Edwards, Dialogues on Values and Centers of Value: Old Friends, New Thoughts. Dialogues on formal axiology, value theory, the intrinsic worth of persons, values in religion and aesthetics, human knowledge, and many other topics. Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:
Rem B. Edwards, What Caused the Big Bang? Mainly about contemporary “scientific,” philosophical, and theological approaches to the origin of our universe; but Sect. 2B in Ch. 9 on “The Meaning and Value of Human Life” was significantly influenced by Robert S. Hartman. Click on the title to get’s current price. ISBN:
Robert S. Hartman, Knowledge of Good: Critique of Axiological Reason, Edited by Arthur R. Ellis and Rem B. Edwards.Hartman presents his formal theory of value and uses it to examine critically other twentieth century value theorists, including A. J. Ayer, Kurt Baier, Brand Blanshard, Paul Edwards, Albert Einstein, William K. Frankena, R. M. Hare, Nicolai Hartmann, Martin Heidegger, G. E. Moore, P.H. Nowell-Smith, Jose Ortega y Gasset, Charles Stevenson, Paul W. Taylor, Stephen E. Toulmin, J. O. Urmson, and many others. Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:
Leon Pomeroy, The New Science of Axiological Psychology, Edited by Rem B. Edwards.This important book uses scientific validity measures to create an empirical value science and a normative new science of axiological psychology by integrating cognitive psychology with Robert S. Hartman’s formal theory of axiological science. It reveals a scientific way to identify and rank human values to achieve values appreciation, values clarification, and values measurement for the twenty first century. Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:
Gary Gallopin, Beyond Perestroika Axiology and the New Russian Entrepreneurs Dr. Gary Gallopin, the author of this book, the world’s first axiological anthropologist, addresses many questions, such as: What would it be like for an American anthropologist to live for a time with members of Russia’s emerging entrepreneurs and get them to take a Russian version of the Hartman Value Profile? What and how do these entrepreneurs value? How would this anthropologist grow and change during the course of his investigations and reflections? Would he affect the values of his subjects? Would he be affected by their values? Would his grasp of formal scientific axiology provide him with powerful safeguards against anthropic bias and error and with new insights not otherwise available? Dr. Gallopin provides us with fascinating answers to these questions, and to many more. If you like the adventure of axiological science and its application, you will like this book. Click on the title to get Brill’s current price. ISBN:



In consultation with President Leon Pomeroy, Editors Art Ellis and Rem B. Edwards developed the following statement for Hartman’s Freedom to Live, and we encourage all sellers and users to photocopy this and include it with the book:

The Robert S. Hartman Institute recognizes that two discussions in Freedom to Live: The Robert S. Hartman Story may offend some people if taken out of context, but we ask for tolerance and understanding and hope that the following remarks will help.

First, on p. 27 of the first edition, p. 19 of second edition, Hartman refers to his anti-Hitler article in which he accuses “the Nazi leadership” of being “dominated by homosexuals.” A young Robert Schirokauer, who later became Robert Hartman when he escaped Germany and the Nazis, published this article in 1932. It was written at a time when homosexuality was closeted and the Nazis’ open practice of it was associated with their general decadence, both homosexual and heterosexual. In this context, it was reflective of the culture of degradation which the Nazis promoted. Hartman devoted the rest of his life to finding ways to organize goodness and to combat evil of all kinds, especially hatred, violence, and intolerance which the Nazis exemplified.

Second, on p. 163 of the first edition, p. 111 of the second edition, Hartman states that “Jesus was crucified by the powers that were: the Jewish community and the Roman state.” Seen in context, this sentence is best understood to be about the “powers” or authorities in the Jewish community, not about the community as a whole. Robert Hartman had a Jewish father, later married a Jewish wife, Rita Emanuel, and fled Nazi Germany for his vigorous opposition to Hitler and Nazism. No Anti-Semitism was intended by his words, rather an explanation that the actual “powers” or authorities who crucified Jesus were operating within the framework of existing law, which can always be used “for either good or evil,” in this case for evil. It is a commentary on the dangers of power.

Books from Other Publishers

  Robert K. Smith, Greater than E = mc2, A Rewrite of the Most Significant Book of the 20th Century: Robert S. Hartman’s The Structure of Value. Published in 2014 by Clear Direction, Inc., Dallas, TX. As the subtitle of this book indicates, Bob Smith has rewritten Hartman’s book to change it “from very difficult English to less difficult English.” Anyone familiar with Hartman’s book must agree with Smith that it “is very difficult to understand,” that is, “unless a person had advanced training in philosophy and mathematics or some incentive to spend years plowing through” it. Smith has spent many years, as time permitted, working on this simplified wording of Hartman’s great book, and readers wanting help in understanding it will definitely get it from this Greater than E = mc2. For information about ordering it, please go to:

Rem B. Edwards’ latest book, An Axiological Process Ethics, is now available. For information about it click on the preceding title. If you click on the photo of the cover, you can go inside to see the table of Contents, Preface, and then read a number of pages. The book develops a new theory of body/mind relations and shows how Hartman’s axiology can be combined with the current state of ethics in process philosophy and theology to improve each (but mainly how to improve the current state of process ethics using many of Hartman’s ideas).

Rem B. Edwards and John W. Davis, eds., Forms of Value and Valuation: Theory and Applications,. A Second Edition of this book was published in 2014 by Wipf & Stock, Eugene, Oregon. It was originally published in 1991 by the University Press of America. Click on the title for ordering information.
Essays in this book by Hartman and his interpreters explain and examine the origin of formal value theory; the nature of valuation; systemic, extrinsic, and intrinsic value and valuation; the intrinsic value of individual persons; the basic norm of intrinsic valuation; value combinations and the value calculus; managerial, psychological, and behavioral axiology; cross-cultural studies of values; self-knowledge and self development; why good people do bad things; axiology; and education; and the theological implications of axiology. It ends with excellent bibliographies of the writings of Robert S. Hartman and of secondary discussions of his work.

The Institute has now published a Second Edition of Robert S. Hartman, Freedom to Live: The Robert Hartman Story. The publisher is Wipf & Stock, Eugene, OR. Their Retail Price is $18.00, but you may order it from their website for $14.40 by clicking on the title above.

Rem B. Edwards, Spiritual Values and Evaluations, 2012. Has been published by Emeth Press, Lexington, KY, associated with Asbury Seminary. The book, based largely on the value theory of Robert S. Hartman, facilitates self-knowledge by helping readers to understand what and how they value. Hartman believed that our values are the keys to our personalities and practices. The book explains and examines three ethico-religious stages along life’s way—worldliness, ideology, and saintliness—and the types of spirituality associated with them. It emphasizes valuations—how worldlings, ideologists, and saints value, as well as values themselves—what they value. The book analyzes these three personality types and how they are organized around different values and valuational styles, all of which have a religious or spritual expression expression. All of them are conspicuously present in existing religious thought and literature. Ideological types are organized primarily around systemics, worldly types around extrinsics, and saintly types around intrinsics. Without the formalities, this book applies Robert S. Hartman’s formal axiology and his hierarchy of values and valuations (intrinsic, extrinsic, and systemic) to self-knowledge, religion, and spiritual development. Innumerable philosophical and religious thinkers have commended the quest for self-knowledge as a pre-requisite for moral and spiritual growth and development. Many religious thinkers from St. Bonaventure and Søren Kierkegaard to James W. Fowler have explored stages of ethico-religious growth and development, but without an adequate systematic axiological frame of reference for understanding and ordering their subject matter. Hartman provides the missing valid systematic frame of reference. This book relates religion and human values to psychology, especially evolutionary psychology, sociobiology, attachment theory, and the psychology of religion. Quotes and insights from traditional Christian and Jewish theologians (mainly Christian, since the author is most familiar with these) are integrated with process theology. With a knowledge of values and other insights derived from this book, readers should be able to pick up almost any story with a plot, any theological or devotional publication, or any study in the psychology of religion, and be able almost immediately to discern what is going on, to make sense of it, to assess its strengths and weaknesses, whether agreeing with it or not. Hartman’s axiological frame of reference, purged of a few impurities, makes literature, religion, spiritual writers, and studies in the psychology of religion intelligible—as no other systematic frame of reference can. To examine and order the book, go to: here.

A book by Rem B. Edwards titled John Wesley’s Values–And Ours applying Hartmanian axiology to the theology of John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Church, is now available through It is published by Emeth Press, Lexington, KY, associated with Asbury Seminary. It is a model for how axiology can be applied to any religious or denominational tradition. The range of axiology is definitely being extended beyond the HVP! The Editor of this book series writes, “Employing what he calls an axiological approach to values study, Edwards engages the primary data of Wesley’s life afresh from an explicitly ethical rather than doctrinal perspective…The greater concern of this study is its intensive focus on ‘what and how John Wesley valued,’ including the relevance of his values for Christians today who wish to take ‘growth in grace’ and ‘working out our salvation with fear and trembling’ with earnestness.” If you want to look at the cover, contents, and Amazon’s ad for it, please go to: Here.

The Institute has found a publisher for a new edition of Robert S. Hartman’s The Structure of Value, and you may now order it. The publisher is Wipf and Stock, Eugene, OR. Here are the details for ordering. Isbn: 978-1-61097-842-2. Regular List Retail Price: $44.00 USD, but you can order it through their website for $35.20. Go Here. Phone them at 541-344-1426 for a discount of 40% on orders for five or more copies.

Robert S. Hartman should be named in the same breath as Galileo Galilei, Sir Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. These “giants” found axioms that established their fields of research as real science. A   view back into the Middle Ages shows us that natural science in our  modern definition did not exist then – instead science was the field of natural philosophies. Once axioms such as v = d/t (velocity is  equal to distance divided by time) or F = m * a (force is equal to mass multiplied by acceleration) were found, the world made a quantum leap. Axioms laid the ground of all technology in modern times. They were the key for synthesis and paved the way for many laws of nature that were deducted from them. Robert S. Hartman’s contribution to science was equally groundbreaking. He turned moral philosophies into value science. He found the axiom of “Good”, i.e. the formulation of what is “Good” in a general sense. His axiom “Good is concept fulfillment”, may sound trivial at first, however, deeper thinking shows its vast impact. Facts of events can be detected and judged by natural sciences. Through Robert S. Hartman the meaning of events, i.e. the value, can be measured. He developed Formal Axiology and laid the  basis for an exact value science. His magnum opus is The Structure of   Value hereby reprinted. This book is demanding for the reader. Robert S. Hartman was an  accurate logician and formulated his thoughts step by step. Moreover, he provides a profound background in philosophy as well as an elaborated mathematical system. From the first philosophical thought about value until the last bit and byte of the calculus of value,  Robert S. Hartman fascinates the reader and challenges intellect and endurance. Thus, the original version as well as this reprint will never enter the mass market. However, Hartman’s legacy has been preserved by a remarkable group who gather around the Robert S. Hartman Institute (RSHI) in Knoxville, Tennessee. The reprint shall  empower all interested researchers and scientists to understand formal  axiology and help to disseminate Hartman’s value science. The content of this book is a cornerstone on our way to create an even better world.

Robert K. Smith has written a number of very good books in applied and theoretical axiology. Here are some of his titles.

Discover Your Blind Spots (described below in more detail)
Writing a Value Profile
Getting Through
When Being Right is Wrong
The Three Essentials

For more information about the content of these books and how to buy them, please go to: style

Rem B. Edwards, The Essentials of Formal Axiology, is now available. You may order this book directly from the Hartman Institute for $35.00, postage paid for the first copy and $31.00 for each additional copy. If in the United States, to order from the Hartman Institute, send a check to our Treasurer, Darlene Clark, 3201 Bandera Street, Athens, TX 75752. As soon as Darlene receives your check,  Rem B. Edwards will then mail your book(s) to you. Please let us know if you want Rem to autograph your copy.  Until we have sold the hundred copies we had to buy from the publisher for full list price plus shipping, we hope that you will order from the Hartman Institute. All income from this book, including royalties, goes to the Hartman Institute. Outside the United States, please order from the publisher at the link below.
You may also order the book (unautographed) directly from the publisher for $29.99 plus $5.00 per copy shipping for the first copy and $1.00 shipping for each additional copy inside the USA. Prices are a bit higher outside the USA. For information about ordering from the publisher, go here.

This book explains and advances formal axiology as originally developed by Robert S. Hartman. Formal axiology identifies the general patterns involved in (1) the meaning of “good” and other value concepts, in (2) what we value (value-objects), and in (3) how we value (valuations or evaluations). It explains the rational, practical, and affective aspects of evaluation and shows how to make value judgments more rationally and effectively. It distinguishes between intrinsic, extrinsic, and systemic values and evaluations, and discusses how and why they fall into a rational hierarchy of value. It demonstrates the intrinsic worth of unique conscious beings and develops an axiological ethics in the three value dimensions. It explores the search for a logical calculus of value and introduces applications of axiology in psychology, religion, aesthetics, and business. It is critical of Hartman’s shortcomings but builds upon his strengths and extends his theory of values where incomplete.
(Note: please make an important correction in your copy: On p. 105, second paragraph, line 6, change “left-brain” to “right-brain.” This error is corrected in printings after 2012.)

Jay Niblick’s book, What’s Your Genius?, is now available from: As Jay describes it, the book “is a compelling visit into how you value and make decisions about the world around you – and how that explains why you succeed almost effortlessly in some endeavors yet not in others. A seven-year research study into how the most successful people think and make decisions delivers the secrets that the most successful already know about how to achieve significant success, satisfaction and happiness in what they do.” The price is: $19.95.

The new 750 page long HVP/ PTSI Manual of Interpretation titled Axiology: Theory & Practice, Coaching Edition by David Mefford and Vera Mefford is not now available. It is currently being revised, and the third edition will be available during the first quarter of 2012. Please contact the Meffords before ordering. The following information pertains to the old edition and is subject to revision when the new third edition comes out: The price, postage paid,  is $145.00 per copy to non-members of the Hartman Institute or $95.00 per copy to dues-paying members of the Institute. David Mefford’s “MAP” is also available, postage paid, for $30.00. Please order directly from: Dr. David Mefford, 2620 Old Highway 25-E, Morristown, TN 37814. You may phone David and Vera at 423-585-5885 or e-mail them at:

Bob Smith, Discover Your Blind Spots: How To Stop Repeating Everyday Business Mistakes, Client Edition available: 10/15/2004, Price: $22.95, Hardcover, 188 pages. To order this book, go to: style.
This is an easy-to-read book that presents how everyone has blind spots and when those cause people in business contexts to make mistakes that they could otherwise avoid. This book answers the questions: When can you trust your own perceptions and when are you blind and likely to make ill-advised decisions and costly mistakes?
Why do people act differently when you are not around and what can you do to avoid the problems this behavior causes?
What common business practices regularly yield poor results and what can you do to stop these mistakes from being repeated?
Discover Your Blind Spots is more than a recap of the obvious concerning self-understanding or communications. It is the fruit of 17 years of work inside more than 50 corporations and law firms. Dr. Smith has analyzed the causes of unwanted results in the workplace and has put them into an easy to understand and useful format. He then provides immediately applicable counsel and suggestions for five critically important management roles:
Effective communications
Managing all kinds of personalities
Conducting performance reviews
Promoting employees
Discover Your Blind Spots is the perfect book for senior management to provide their employees because those who read it will work more effectively as a result of their newfound awareness.

Developing your Christian Values, by Rem B. Edwards, David Mefford, and Vera Mefford.
This book is available as an e-book at It replaces their earlier Developing Your Spiritual Potentials book, which is now obsolete. This new book is a companion to their extensively revised Christian Values Profile, which is available through consultants listed on this website. It may also be used for personal spiritual growth without taking the Christian Values Profile. It deals with developing your sensitivity to the entire spectrum of Christian values. The logical structure of its Christian-oriented value profile is based on Hartman’s work and on developments in value theory since his premature death in 1973. It applies the best value theory available to Christian values and valuations, to what and how Christians value. The CVP is a new and powerful tool designed to help ordinary Christians develop a clearer understanding of and appreciation for Christian values and virtues, and to clarify and further develop their own personal spiritual potentials.

Frank G. Forrest, Ethical Decision Making for the 21st Century. Published by Frank G. Forrest. Price: $22.00 plus tax and postage. Order from: Frank G. Forrest, 2828 N. Atlantic Avenue, Apt. 1503, Daytona Beach, FL 32018. E-mail:
This book is a text on how to solve today’s ethical problems based on formal axiology. It fulfills the need for an up-to-date text in ethics courses in schools and colleges, and in organization ethics training programs in business, industry, and government. Persons who have completed the Hartman Value Profile will find the tenets and principles in this text useful in furthering their strengths and eliminating their weaknesses revealed by the HVP.
The initial chapters introduce ethics as a subject of study to include the elaboration of a reasoning system called value logic for making value judgments and ethical decisions. The final chapters show the application of value logic to such matters as value vision development, how to redress wrongs and badness, and how to determine when, if ever, wrongs and badness are justified. The last chapter–Case Studies–is devoted to the structure of an ethical decision making model and its use in cases involving contracts, abortion, euthanasia, e-commerce, and military intervention.

Several books on Hartmanian value theory are available from Joyce Austin at Axiopress. To order any of the following books, go to:

(1) John W. Davis, ed., Value and Valuation: Axiological Studies in Honor of Robert S. Hartman.

(2) Robert S. Hartman, The Hartman Value Profile (HVP) Manual of Interpretation. (Older first edition). A more recent edition is available from the Hartman Institute itself, as indicated above.

(3) Robert S. Hartman, Can Field Theory be Applied to Ethics?
This was Hartman’s doctoral dissertation.

(4) Joyce Austin publishes the Hartman Value Profile (HVP) and makes available a number of other Hartman related materials. If you do not have one already, ask her to send you a copy of her Order Form, which lists these and other Hartman related materials and their price.
Here is additional contact information for Joyce Austin:
Joyce Austin
Research Concepts
1368 East Airport Road
Muskegon, MI 49444
Phone: 231-739-7401

Predominantly or Entirely Spanish Publications

Gilberto Carrasco Hernández, La Teoría Axiológica del Desarrollo Humano. Price postage paid in US dollars: America and Europe: $18.00; rest of the world: $26.00. ISBN: 03-2001-112712034900-01. To place an order e-mail Gilberto at:
Abraham Maslow’s last book, The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, 1971, appeared after his death. In it, Maslow exhorts all people of good will to put all their resources and talents into solving the two Greatest Problems of Humanity: to make Good People, and to make a Good Society. In response, this book presents ideas about the technological possibility of building Good Men, starting from precise axiological definitions that can facilitate the liberation and harmonization of human powers with the impressive practical results, as explained in the final part of the book. The book follows the development of scientific thought, which has already had demonstrated its effectiveness. It applies the logical ordering of Formal Axiology to the psychology of human development to obtain in a deductive way the axiological meaning of important concepts like “person,” “good person,” “self-actualization,” “the potential development of the person,” “the direction of human development,” “the meaning of the life,” “the axiological structure of the personality,” “the harmonic development of the personality,” “education,” “the axiological process of human development,” and “the measurement of personality.” The union of these elements is called the “Axiological Theory of Human Development.”
To explain these concepts, the axiological definition of “good” and a mathematical definition of “ordinal good” are presented and applied to the human developmental process. Works on the application of Formal Axiology to Psychology carried out by Robert S. Hartman, David Mefford, and Mario Cárdenas Trigos are considered, as well as axiological investigations of education carried out by professor Alfonso Lozano González.

Books by Axiologists that Involve Axiology Indirectly

Rem B. Edwards, Reason and Religion: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1979). Price: $20.00, postage paid. Order from Rem B. Edwards, 8709 Longmeade Drive, Knoxville, TN 37923. E-mail:

If you wish to become a member of the Robert S. Hartman Institute, please download a Membership Application and Renewal form from our “Membership Forms” page.

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