Journal of Formal Axiology


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Volume 8, 2015


“I thought to myself, if evil can be organized so efficiently [by the Nazis] why cannot good? Is there any reason for efficiency to be monopolized by the forces for evil in the world? Why have good people in history never seemed to have had as much power as bad people? I decided I would try to find out why and devote my life to doing something about it.”

Robert S. Hartman


A Publication of the Robert S. Hartman Institute


In 2008, the Robert S. Hartman Institute began publishing a new journal dealing with the theoretical and applied aspects of Hartmanian formal axiology, the JOURNAL OF FORMAL AXIOLOGY: THEORY AND PRACTICE. It is published once a year and is usually available in late August or early September.

Senior Editor, Rem B. Edwards, is responsible for overall content and for articles dealing primarily with axiological theory.

Co-Editors, Vera Mefford and Cliff Hurst, are responsible for articles dealing primarily with axiological practice and application, as well as with theoretical issues.

Go to the Officers and Board Members page of this website for detailed contact information on these Editors.


The Absolute Deadline for submitting articles to be considered for each issue is April 1 of each year. This means that your article should be finished by then; it does not mean that you should start writing it then! Here are some ground rules for submitting articles.


1. Articles should be submitted as e-mail attachments to Rem B. Edwards at They should be in MS Word format with 12 point type, Times New Roman, single line spacing, only one space between sentences. Do not skip lines between paragraphs, and please indent the first word in each paragraph using tab. Do not use first line indent. Do not use styles for any purposes.

2. When submitting an article, potential authors MUST include an ABSTRACT not exceeding 250 words that summarizes the main points of the article, as well as a short AUTOBIOGRAPHY not exceeding 250 words. Please include these under the title on the first page of your article.

3. All articles published in this journal must have an obvious connection with Hartmanian axiology or value theory and its applications. Articles may be critical, constructive, creative, theoretical, or applied. No articles dealing with “axiology in general” will be considered. Many of you are doing research with and learning new things about people using the Hartman Value Profile, and we strongly encourage you to submit your findings to us so that others may know about your discoveries. More theoretical articles that advance or validate Hartmanian axiology, or that apply it to such areas as religion, philosophy, politics, psychology, psychotherapy, counseling, consulting, business, education, the natural and social sciences, etc., are also strongly encouraged and welcomed.

4. We will publish longer articles, shorter discussion notes, book reviews, and selected letters to the Editor. Long articles may be up to but should not normally exceed 8,000 words. Shorter discussions may be of lesser length.

5. All articles must somehow advance our understanding of formal axiology and what can be done with it. No articles will be considered that merely summarize what is already known, or that have been previously published (except for self-publication) or accepted or submitted for publication elsewhere.

7. Set all margins to one inch. All paragraphs should be justified. Tabs should be set to .25. Titles should be centered, followed by name(s) of author(s). All letters in titles should be capitalized and in bold 12 point type.  Names of authors and headings within the text should be centered, bold 12 point type, with main words capitalized. Do not insert top of the page headers, bottom footers, or page numbers.

7. Now that we are publishing only on-line, colors as well as black and white will be allowed.

8. For emphasis, use only italics; never use bold, underlining, or quotes for emphasis.

9. We prefer the References/Works Cited method of documentation, but we will also accept any standard style of endnotes or footnotes. All substantive comments must be in the main text itself, not in notes. For Guidelines for References, click here. If you use this method, Works Cited should be at the end of the article.

10. Authors of articles and reviews must sign a contract with the Journal that gives the Journal permission to publish their contribution, assigns their copyright to the Journal, and gives assurances that they have obtained permission to quote or paraphrase cited material. Authors retaining right to use their article freely in their own professional activities. Authors may print a copy of the issue in which their contribution is published. Click here to view the Contract for Journal Authors. All authors should print out this contract, fill it out, sign it, and either mail it by postal mail to Rem B. Edwards, 8709 Longmeade Drive, Knoxville, TN 37923, or else scan it after signing it and send it to him as an e-mail attachment to: The scan and email method is preferred.

11. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to use extensive quotes and paraphrases from copyrighted sources. Limited quotations and paraphrases of 400 words or less probably fall within “fair use.” See the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, pp. 43ff for “fair use” guidelines. Generally, if more than 400 words from a single source are used, authors must obtain permission, and copies of these permissions must be submitted to the Editor of this journal. (“Single source” does not mean “single quote.”)

13. All articles written by authors who do not speak and write excellent English must be professionally translated, revised, and carefully edited before being submitted. Our Editors can no longer spend the two hours or more per page they have been spending to get such articles into good English, then to decide what the author meant to say or should have said, then to rewrite the article itself.

12. Do not submit an article that does not conform to these guidelines. It may seem unnecessary to have to say this, but experience has shown that it is very necessary. PLEASE DO NOT SUBMIT ARTICLES THAT ARE INCOMPLETE IN ANY WAY AND THAT YOU PLAN TO FINISH LATER. All submitted articles should be complete in all above respects, including proper formatting, before they are sent to the Editors. Submitting incomplete or improperly formatted articles is a waste of everyone’s time, and such articles will not be read, assessed, reviewed, or edited. They will be returned to their authors for them to edit.

The cost of subscriptions to the JOURNAL OF FORMAL AXIOLOGY: THEORY AND PRACTICE is included in the annual dues for all members.

Annual membership dues are $75.00, which includes a subscription to the Journal. Non members may buy individual copies through this website.




*NOTE: To Purchase the Journal of Formal Axiology, Please Go Here.




*NOTE: To Purchase the Journal of Formal Axiology, Please Go Here.


The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice
Vol. 8, Summer of 2015

This complete issue is available only on the “Member Login” page as of July 31, 2015.

All other complete issues are also available only on the “Member Login” page.

Leon Pomeroy and Ricardo Ortiz Certucha, Hartman in Mexico                                                             1

Rem B. Edwards and Marcos Gojman, Judaism, Process Theology, and Formal Axiology:
An Expanded Version                                                                                                                                        9

Adina Bortă, Axiometric and Psychological Structure of Empathy                                                      25

C. Stephen Byrum, The Influence Of Russell L. Ackoff: Through The Lens of the Hartman
Value Profile                                                                                                                                                      47

Malcolm North, Congruent and Incongruent Selves: Exploring the Structure of Authenticity     79

Pamela Brooks, Resilience, How Good People Conquer Tough Situations: An Axiolgical
Axiology and Evil

Arthur R. Ellis, “What is Evil?”                                                                                                                      95

Clifford Hurst and Amora Rama, Does Evil Prevail Over Goodness?                                                 105

Gary J. Acquaviva, Assessing the Valuation Imbalance of Criminal Personalities                          119

From the Archives

Rita Hartman, On the Death of Robert S. Hartman                                                                                131

Robert S. Hartman, Fundamental Terms in Ethics                                                                                 133

Memorial Tributes to Frank G. Forrest

Eunice Forrest and Others, Memorial Tributes to Frank G. Forrest                                                    153

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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 7, Summer of 2014


Clifford G. Hurst, The Intentions of Axiological Interpreters………………..……………..……….1

K.T. Connor, Axiology’s Advantage: Reflections on Selection Assistance……………………..…..11

Jay Morris, Self-Awareness and Self-Development as Key Drivers in Leadership Development Practices………………………………………………………………………………………………………………19

Ron van de Water and Andre Tjoa, Prevention of Stagnation in Work and Career:
Axiometrics Applied to the Concept of Stagnation……………..…………………………….……….29

C. Stephen Byrum, The Art of Copying……………………………………………………………………………51

Leon Pomeroy, My Discovery of Hartman and the HVP……………………………………………………73

Gilberto Carrasco Hernandez, The Technology of Organizational Human Development……..…81

Detlef Duwe and Marit Hoppner, Profiling Change: The challenge of Finding Suitable Change
Drivers forChange

Memorial Tributes to David Mefford………………………………………………..

A SUGGESTED TOPIC FOR 2015: This Journal does not usually suggest topics for its issues,
but we hope that our readers will consider and perhaps write something to be considered for
possible publication in our 2015 issue on the following issue. First, read the quote from Hart-
man on this and every front cover. Then consider this question: “WHY is Evil Easier to Organ-
ize than Good?” Hartman clearly assumed THAT it is, but what explains this?
Of course, articles on other axiological topics will also be considered. Please try to meet the
“official” due date for articles, which is March 1, 2015.


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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 6, Summer of 2013


Malcolm North, Realizing a Vision for Global Values Education                                                  1

Ulrich Vogel, Exploring the Hartman Archives                                                                              7

Stephen C. Byrum, Chasing After Pi: A Re-interpretation of “Why?”                                        15

Douglas C. Lawrence, A Proposed Fourth Atmospheric Dimension of Value                              39

Rem B. Edwards, The Fifth Dimension: Intrinsic Value Enhancers                                             55

Gilberto Carrasco Hernández, Introducing Formal Axiology to Junior High School

            and Special Education Directors in Mexico                                                                      61

K. T. Connor, Measuring Ethical Climate in an Organization: Aligning for Excellence              73

Vera Mefford, Values Education: Axiology and Process Ethics                                                    85

Leon Pomeroy, To Be Or Not To Be: The Self, Continued: “No Man is an Island”                     93

Robert Short, The Globalization of Value Theory Mathematics                                                    99

David Mefford, The Structure of Valuation – Becoming A Values Architect                               109



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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 5, Summer of 2012


Leon Pomeroy and Contributors, Historical Timeline of the Robert S. HartmanInstitute                                    1

 Gilberto Carrasco Hernández, Creating the Hartman Value Profile (HVP)

            In Memory of Mario Cárdenas Trigos                                                                                                     41

 C. Stephen Byrum, Articulating Human Consciousness:An Axiological Approach                                      57

 Jim Weller, Taming the Beast by Declawing the Systemic                                                                                 89

 Frank G. Forrest, Good and Value Synonymity                                                                                                 101

 Leon Pomeroy, Babson’s Boulders Concluded                                                                                                 109

 Marcos Gojman, Axiologics: A New Calculus of Value                                                                                    117




Gary G. Gallopin, The Baby or the Bathwaer? The Role of Transfinite

            Mathematics in the Nascent Hartman Science                                                                                     131

 Rem B. Edwards, Gallopin’s Mistakes                                                                                                            157

 Mark A. Moore, Reply to Gallopin’s “The Baby or the Bath Water?”                                                           169

 Ted Richards, The Structure of Valuation: A Short Technical Reply to Gallopin                                            181

 David Mefford, Review of Gary Gallopin’s Article                                                                                         187



Pam Brooks, Cliff Hurst’s Dissertation on Entrepreneurship                                                                          193



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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 4, Summer of 2011


Clifford G. Hurst, The Non-mathematical Logic of a Science of Values                                                                1

C. Stephen Byrum, A Unified Field Theory of Motivation: Based onthe work of Robert S. Hartman                13

 Gilberto Carrasco Hernández, The Axiological Process for MakingGood Students in a University Context     53

 Leon Pomeroy, Babson’s Boulders: A Heuristic Exploration of theDimensions of Value                                   69

 K. T. Connor, Collaborative Problem Solving Through the Lensof Value Science                                            109

 Ulrich Vogel, HVP Projection: Job Matching with Profiling Values                                                                 121

 Wayne Carpenter, An Axiological Meaning of “The Self”                                                                                 135

 David Mefford, Expanded Axiological Diagnostics for the HVP                                                                      155

 John A. Anderson, The Purple Cow: Marketing and Axiology                                                                          175


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Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 3, Summer of 2010


Jim C. Weller, Hartman Meets Chukuhmeh                                                                                                            1

Richard C. Leggett, The Axiological Structures of Buddhism: Toward an Understanding

            of Mult-dimensional Valuation                                                                                                                    9

 Jeremy Boone, Applying Axiological Profiles in Sport and Business                                                                  23

 \Stephen Byrum, The Hartman–Allport Connection                                                                                            41

 David Mefford, Origins of Formal Axiology in Phenomenology and Implications

            for a Revised Axiological System                                                                                                              61

 Gilberto Carrasco, The Organization of Personality and the Articulation of Good

            in the Axio-Orientation Process                                                                                                                93

 Ted Richards, The Difficulties of a Hartmanesque Value Calculus                                                                   105

 Skye Hirst, Value-Intelligence in All Creative Organisms                                                                                 115


Gary G. Gallopin, Introducing Beyond Perestroka: Axiology and the New RussianEntrepreneurs                   125

 Cliff Hurst, A Review of Gary Gallopin’s Beyond Perestroka: Axiology and the New

            Russian Entrepreneurs                                                                                                                            137

 Forthcoming: Rem B. Edwards, The Essentials of Formal Axiology                                                                141



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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 2, Summer of 2009


Rem B. Edwards, Editor’s Page: Is Axiology a Science?                                                                                      1

Kevin Wolfe, The Axiological Roots of Employee Engagement                                                                            3

Stephen C. Byrum, Exploring the Important Power of Focus                                                                             15

Jay Niblick, The Role of Axiological Self-Awareness inPeak Performance                                                        25

 K. T. Connor, Innovation: An Axiological and OD Exploration                                                                        41

 Bill Pavelich, Axiological Intervention with Christian Leaders: Two Case Studies                                          55

 Cliff Hurst, A Meaningful Score: Hartman v. Rokeach                                                                                      79

 Thomas M. Dicken, Intrinsic Value and Some of Its Alternatives                                                                      97

 David Mefford, Formal Axiology, Philosophy or Science?                                                                              111

 James C. Weller, Why Not Fractal Geometry?                                                                                                 131

 Rem B. Edwards, Transfinite Mathematics, and Axiologyas a Future Science                                                147

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The Journal of Formal Axiology: Theory and Practice

Vol. 1, 2008 



 Rem B. Edwards, Editor’s Page: What is Formal Axiology?                                                        1

 Stephen C. Byrum, A Bushel and A Peck: Robert S. Hartman’s

            Axiology and Transfinite Mathematics                                                                               3

 David Mefford, Vera Mefford, Jeremy Boone, Mike Hartman,

            Leonard Wheeler, and Gregory Woods, Sports Axiology                                                 21

 Thomas M. Dicken, A Suggested Context for Axiology                                                              47

 Michael H. Annison, Organizing for Good                                                                                 57

 Rem B. Edwards, Know Thyself; Know Thy Psychology                                                            81

 Leon Pomeroy, HVP Scores and Measures Employed in                                                  

             Medical School Admissions                                                                                           101


 1. Byrum’s “Bushel and A Peck”                                                                                   

Jim C. Weller, For Everything There Is a Season: Mathematics,

            Hierarchy, and the Puzzle of Hartman’s Shining Vision                                                151

2. Applying Axiological Calculuses to “Killing to Save Lives”

 Frank G. Forrest, Is Killing to Save Lives Justifiable?                                                             161

 Mark A. Moore, Killing to Prevent Murders and Save Lives                                                   177

 Ted Richards, Killing One to Save Five: A Test of Two

            Hartman-style Value Calculuses                                                                                    187




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